Dan Wiener's The Independent Adviser for Vanguard Investors is a monthly newsletter which, along with its related publications,
telephone hot-line, and other services (collectively, the "Newsletter"), is edited by Daniel P. Wiener, published by
InvestorPlace Media, LLC, and offered to the general public on a subscription basis.
Excepting personal holdings of open ended mutual funds and exchange-traded funds, newsletter subscribers will receive the benefit of Dan Wiener's disinterested
commentary, analysis, opinions, advice and recommendations. The Newsletter is impersonal and does not provide individualized advice
or recommendations for any specific subscriber or portfolio.
Investing involves substantial risk. Neither the Editor, the publisher, nor any of their respective affiliates make any guarantee
or other promise as to any results that may be obtained from using the Newsletter. While past performance may be analyzed in the
Newsletter, past performance should not be considered indicative of future performance. No subscriber should make any investment
decision without first consulting his or her own personal financial advisor and conducting his or her own research and due diligence,
including carefully reviewing the prospectus and other public filings of the issuer. To the maximum extent permitted by law, the
Editor, the publisher and their respective affiliates disclaim any and all liability in the event any information, commentary, analysis,
opinions, advice and/or recommendations in the Newsletter prove to be inaccurate, incomplete or unreliable, or result in any investment
or other losses.
The Newsletter's commentary, analysis, opinions, advice and recommendations represent the personal and subjective views of the
Editor, and are subject to change at any time without notice.
The information provided in the Newsletter is obtained from sources which the Editor believes to be reliable. However, the Editor
hasnot independently verified or otherwise investigated all such information. Neither the Editor, the publisher, nor any
of their respective affiliates guarantees the accuracy or completeness of any such information.
The Newsletter is not a solicitation or offer to buy or sell any securities. Further, the Newsletter is in no way intended
to be a solicitation for private money management services offered by Adviser Investment Management, Inc.
Subscribers may submit questions to the Editor by e-mail to www.adviseronline.com or by writing to email@example.com.
However, since the Newsletter is impersonal and does not provide individualized advice for specific subscribers, the Editor
can only answer questions of a general nature about the markets or specific securities. The Editor will make every effort to answer
subscriber questions on our website or in the pages of an upcoming issue of the Newsletter.
Neither the Editor, the publisher, nor any of their respective affiliates is responsible for any errors or omissions in any Newsletter.
Any subscriber who would like a copy of these "Disclaimers and Disclosures" may request a copy by calling 800-219-8592 or writing to
InvestorPlace Media, LLC, 700 Indian Springs Drive, Lancaster, PA 17601, Attention: Disclosure, whereupon a copy will be mailed or faxed to such subscriber.
A service of the Fund Family Shareholder Association.
The Independent Adviser for Vanguard Investors and FFSA are completely independent of The Vanguard Group ®. Vanguard®, The
Vanguard Group®, and The Vanguard Group of Investment Companies® are service marks of The Vanguard Group®. FFSA is not
affiliated with or endorsed by The Vanguard Group®, The Vanguard Group of Investment Companies®, or any Vanguard® mutual